disabled people

How Many People are Disabled in UK?

Disabled person is someone who has physical or mental condition that limits senses, movements and activities which has a substantial impact which limits activities in relation to education or employment. Disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, physical, mental, sensory, or some combination of these. People with disability frequently has difficulties in carrying out day to day tasks, having a mental or physical impairment can be quite challenging so help is also essential.

Today, you may encounter a lot of people with disability. Some people thinks it’s part of life, some give them special treatment and some don’t give too much attention as they don’t want to pity the person or others just don’t really care at all. One billion people of the world’s population is experiencing some form of disability and according to studies disability prevalence is higher for developing countries.

How Many People are Disabled in UK?

According to research there are nearly 14 million disabled people in the UK which makes up 22% of the UK population.  8% of which are children, 19% are of working age adults and 45% are pension age adults. 20 % were born with disability and 80% of disabled people acquired disability later in life.

Disability really affects those who have low-income, unemployed or low-educated individuals. Vast numbers of disabled people continue to be excluded from many parts of society. Employment is one sector that disabled people are often unfairly excluded.

Some people treat disabled people as a social burden. Some are even avoiding them because “they don’t know” how to behave around them. Believe it or not, each day there are disability hate crimes reported in the UK.

When is a Person Considered to be Disabled?

  1. If they have a mental or physical impairment
  2. If the adverse effect is substantial and long-term (which means it has lasted for 12 months or is likely to last more than 12 months or for the rest of the person’s life).
  3. If the impairment has an adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities which must badly affect the following areas:
    1. Mobility
    2. Physical Coordination
    3. Speech, hearing or eyesight
    4. Manual dexterity
    5. Continence
    6. Ability to lift, carry or move everyday objects
    7. Memory or ability to concentrate, learn or understand
    8. Understanding of the risk of physical danger

How Do You Interact With Disabled People?

Below are some tips on how to deal with the disabled:

  1. Speak directly to the person
  2. Offer to shake hands
  3. Speak to people at eye level
  4. When offering assistance, wait for a response and instructions
  5. Don’t pretend to understand if you really don’t, listen attentively
  6. Don’t shout
  7. Identify yourself when speaking to a blind person
  8. Don’t touch, lean on or move a wheelchair without permission
  9. Treat adults as adults
  10. Speak as you would normally

Equality

People with disability would highly appreciate if they are spoken to normally, treated equally. Dealing with them should not be a burden, treat them as normal people. If we work together, we can build a society for all.

 

Why do Disabled People get Discriminated?

Discrimination is defined as the prejudicial or unjust treatment of different categories of people or things on the grounds of race, sex, age and today sadly it applies even to disabled people. This behavior is described as making a specific decision, conclusion or distinction on a person because of the group it belongs, the class or category to which the person is believed to belong. Nowadays even because of appearance, people get discriminated.

It is sad to know that people can be treated unfairly because of who they are, or because they possess certain characteristics, or because of their skin tone. It is hard to go to  a school where you get discriminated, same goes for your workplace. Imagine not being hired because you are disabled for example, how difficult that would be to find a job?

 

Why do Disabled People get Discriminated?

Disability discrimination is when a person has a disability is treated less favourably than a person without disability in the same circumstance.  It can happen through employment, education, renting or buying a house / unit, getting or using services such as banking, transportation, restaurant, shops, or even professional services.

Some people get disability discrimination indirectly, for example the only way to enter a movie house or any building is by a set of stairs because people with disabilities who use wheelchairs would be unable to enter the premise. Some disabled people will get directly be discriminated for example when applying for a job because the other candidate (who’s is not disabled) is more preferred to be the winning candidate.

People discriminate due to self centeredness, poisoned mindset and mainly because of lack of understanding. For other people it is easier to discriminate than to understand since understanding requires time, effort and learning. Some are also just mean and they feel superior to other people that’s why they tend to discriminate.

“Disability” Defined

Disability is a physical or mental condition that leads to limitation of a person’s movements, activities or senses. It includes psychiatric, intellectual, physical, sensory, neurological and learning disabilities. It is not just a health problem.

Disability is a complex phenomenon wherein the disabled person usually struggles in the society in which he or she lives. Overcoming difficulties faced by people with disabilities can be quite challenging since it involves environmental and social barriers.

Some examples of disability are physical disability, deaf or hearing impairment, vision impairment, mental health conditions, acquired brain injury, autism spectrum disorder, or mental health conditions.

Types of Disability Discrimination

  • Direct Discrimination. Happens when someone is treated differently and not the same as other people because of disability.
  • Indirect Discrimination. Happens when a practice or procedure is applied (for example in a workplace) but disadvantages those who are disabled.
  • Harassment. Occurs when unwanted conduct related to a person’s disability causes humiliating, distressing, or offensive environment for that person.
  • Victimisation. Occurs when a disabled person is treated unfairly because they have made or supported a complaint about disability discrimination.

How Can You Help Stop Disability Discrimination?

Just because a person looks different doesn’t mean you can judge them right away. Do not treat people differently because they do not look the same as everyone else. Sharing awareness regarding disability discrimination is a great start but most of all, just treat each other the same as everyone else, don’t hate.