Disabled person is someone who has physical or mental condition that limits senses, movements and activities which has a substantial impact which limits activities in relation to education or employment. Disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, physical, mental, sensory, or some combination of these. People with disability frequently has difficulties in carrying out day to day tasks, having a mental or physical impairment can be quite challenging so help is also essential.
Today, you may encounter a lot of people with disability. Some people thinks it’s part of life, some give them special treatment and some don’t give too much attention as they don’t want to pity the person or others just don’t really care at all. One billion people of the world’s population is experiencing some form of disability and according to studies disability prevalence is higher for developing countries.
How Many People are Disabled in UK?
According to research there are nearly 14 million disabled people in the UK which makes up 22% of the UK population. 8% of which are children, 19% are of working age adults and 45% are pension age adults. 20 % were born with disability and 80% of disabled people acquired disability later in life.
Disability really affects those who have low-income, unemployed or low-educated individuals. Vast numbers of disabled people continue to be excluded from many parts of society. Employment is one sector that disabled people are often unfairly excluded.
Some people treat disabled people as a social burden. Some are even avoiding them because “they don’t know” how to behave around them. Believe it or not, each day there are disability hate crimes reported in the UK.
When is a Person Considered to be Disabled?
- If they have a mental or physical impairment
- If the adverse effect is substantial and long-term (which means it has lasted for 12 months or is likely to last more than 12 months or for the rest of the person’s life).
- If the impairment has an adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities which must badly affect the following areas:
- Physical Coordination
- Speech, hearing or eyesight
- Manual dexterity
- Ability to lift, carry or move everyday objects
- Memory or ability to concentrate, learn or understand
- Understanding of the risk of physical danger
How Do You Interact With Disabled People?
Below are some tips on how to deal with the disabled:
- Speak directly to the person
- Offer to shake hands
- Speak to people at eye level
- When offering assistance, wait for a response and instructions
- Don’t pretend to understand if you really don’t, listen attentively
- Don’t shout
- Identify yourself when speaking to a blind person
- Don’t touch, lean on or move a wheelchair without permission
- Treat adults as adults
- Speak as you would normally
People with disability would highly appreciate if they are spoken to normally, treated equally. Dealing with them should not be a burden, treat them as normal people. If we work together, we can build a society for all.